“Compared With” VS “Compared To”

To compare to is to point out or imply resemblances between objects regarded as essentially of a different order;

To compare with is mainly to point out differences between objects regarded as essentially of the same order.

Thus, life has been compared to a pilgrimage, to a drama, to a battle; Congress may be compared with the British Parliament. Paris has been compared to ancient Athens; it may be compared with modern London.

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thus, therefore and hence are different

A simple way of distinguishing and using these words accurately:

1. ‘Thus’ means ‘in this/that way’ – it relates to ‘HOW’ – the manner in which – this or that happens or comes about. It has a practical flavor.

For example,

Traditionally, you arrange things thus. = Traditionally, this is how you arrange things.

2 .’Therefore’ means ‘for this reason’, or ‘because of this or that’ – it relates to deductive reasoning, it tells WHY this or that is so, or happened.

For example,

He was late and therefore missed the bus. = he was late and for this reason missed the bus.

3. ‘Hence’ means ‘from this/that’ – it relates to WHERE – position, or point in time; it tells from where or what, or to where or what, something comes, derives, or goes.

For example,

i. Get thee hence! = Get yourself away from here!

ii. Henceforth all entrances will be guarded. = From now on all entrances will be guarded.

iii. She got the job – hence her good spirits. = She got the job and her good spirits derive from that fact. (Note the different slant to ‘therefore’, which would also fit, but would say ” her good spirits are due to (’because of’; ‘for that reason’) that”.

Reference:
https://painintheenglish.com/case/4452/

Metaphor and Simile

Metaphor

Definition: A figure of speech in which a word or phrase literally denoting one kind of object or idea is used in place of another to suggest a likeness or analogy between them (as in drowning in money); broadly: figurative language.

Simile

Definition: a figure of speech comparing two unlike things that is often introduced by like or as (as in cheeks like roses)

Examples

Metaphor: “She’s a tiger when she’s angry.”
Simile: “She’s as fierce as a tiger.”

-Merriam-Webster Dictionary (2011)

 

Phenomenon or Phenomena?

Usage varies for the plural ending of nouns derived from Latin and Greek words. For phenomenon never use the false singular phenomena as in

This phenomena occurs only in the southern hemisphere;

write instead

This phenomenon occurs only in the southern hemisphere.

Similarly, never attach an -s plural to the already plural phenomena, as in

These physiological phenomenas are fascinating.

Write instead

These physiological phenomena are fascinating.

The variant plural phenomenons is appropriate only outside scientific and philosophical contexts with the meaning “extraordinary people, events, or things,” as in

The dot-coms are one of the most interesting 21st-century phenomenons.

Do not overuse phenomenon in nonscientific and nonphilosophical contexts. Restrict it to people, events, and things that are extraordinary, not merely interesting or vaguely out of the ordinary.

Taken from Microsoft Encarta Dictionary.

WORTH and WORTHY

WORTH

adjective
1. equal to particular amount: equivalent in value to a particular amount
–> How much is it worth?
–> a painting worth thousands
2. important enough to justify something: important, large, or good enough to justify something
–> His friendship is not worth having.

WORTHY

adjective
1. deserving: fully deserving something, usually as a suitable reward for merit or importance
–> That remark is not worthy of a reply.
2. respectable: morally upright, good, and deserving respect
–> a worthy person

Microsoft® Encarta® 2009. © 1993-2008 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

 

Considering the references from Encarta Dictionary (posted above), Merriam-Webster and Wiktionary, I found that the adjective worth means mentioning a specific value of a thing (to a certain acceptable level), while worthy means emphasizing that same value with a higher importance, deserving more attention (compared to worth).

In my opinion, we should choose worth when we would like to value something over a certain level of quality, however, we might as well choose worthy to describe a thing which level is way above other things if compared using the same standard.

For example:

  • This desktop computer is worth buying in the $400 price-range.
  • That brand of desktop computer is worthy to have the best-bang-for-the-buck award since it offers higher specifications and higher quality compared to the other computers on the same price-range.

hitherto

1. up to now or then: up to the present time or the time in question

2. to here

Example Sentences
  • It was a worrying sign that the hitherto stalwart consumer was hesitating to spend.
  • It is clear that the chemotactic behaviour of Paramecium is less simple than was hitherto thought.
  • But violence like this was hitherto unknown.
Synonyms: heretofore, theretofore, yet, so far, thus far
Antonyms: henceforth, henceforward, hereafter, thenceforth, thenceforward (also thenceforwards), thereafter

 

References:

Microsoft® Encarta® 2009. © 1993-2008 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

Dictionary.com

Merriam-Webster Dictionary